So the first thing you have to do when you get your new PI, is setup the OS. In my case I went with the recommended OS, which at the time was and may still be the Debian Wheezy image. (Download here)
Once I had the image, I used the Win32DiskImager to write the image to a 16GB SD card. (Keep in mind the image will not use the whole space when you first write the image). Also the Win32DiskImager can be found here.
Now on to the fun bit. In went my SD card and on went to power. (I also have a USB keyboard, Ethernet and a HDMI cable attached to my TV). Once the PI had booted, it presented me with a blue setup screen, which I used to enable SSH (Which, I am told is already enabled in Wheezy).
SSH is used to remotely log in to a Linux system and preform tasks. I wanted to setup the PI so I could manage it from my Windows 7 laptop, rather than the TV.
The next thing I did was to expand the image on the SD card so that my PI had more room for software. You can do this from the setup screen too. Once complete I rebooted the PI and disconnected the HDMI and keyboard.
From here on, its remote for me..
I connected to the PI via SSH, using Putty. (A note here, you can also connect via FTP using the same address and port as SSH for file transfers).
Once connected with Putty, I preformed the ‘sudo apt-get update’ command, to bring the list of software up to date. Once this had completed I did ‘sudo apt-get upgrade’ and ‘sudo apt-get distupgrade’ to make sure all the packages already on the SD where the latest.
Now since I plan to use the PI for some basic electronics, I hooked up an IO board I built previously.
More on this is another subject.
This leaves me with a PI ready to roll.